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Climate and Water of Kyrgyzstan


Kyrgyzstan has a continental climate. The western and northern slopes of the mountains receive more precipitation. Precipitation increases with altitude up to 5000 m. At higher altitudes precipitation falls as snow, and even in summer frosts are possible. Average annual precipitation on the northern slopes of ca. 750 mm in the south-western slopes of the Fergana Range 950 mm, and the north-east 230 mm.

Average January temperatures range from -2 to -8 C in the valleys and from -8 to -20 C in a medium-altitude mountains. In high average January temperature approx. -28 C. In many parts of Kyrgyzstan , except the high mountains in winter are often thaw. Summer is hot and dry, with average July temperature in the valleys of 20-27 C In the mid 15-17 C, while in the high 5 C and below.


Within the limits of Kyrgyzstan there are more than 3000 lakes, including the picturesque lake Issyk-Kul one of the deepest in the world (maximum depth 668 m). Large rivers Chu, Naryn and Talas originate in the highlands. Chu occurs in the north, to her during 145 km of the border of Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan . The Naryn River, merging with the district. Kara Darya, forming the Syr Darya, which flows eastward into the Fergana Valley. Talas drains the north-eastern Kyrgyzstan .

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